Animations

2012

Ben Santer et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 2013, 'Identifying human influences on atmospheric temperature', animation on multi-model detection and attribution study with climate model simulation output and satellite based measurements of tropospheric and stratospheric temperature change, June 2012. watch


2011

Peter Gleckler et al., Nature Climate Change | Letter, 'Human-induced Global Ocean Warming on Mutildecadal Timescales', animation on increases in upper-ocean temperatures. Several studies have used well-established detection and attribution methods to demonstrate that the observed basin-scale temperature changes are consistent with model responses to anthropogenic forcing and inconsistent with model-based estimates of natural variability, June 2011. watch